Ceramics 2‎ > ‎Lessons‎ > ‎


Your Mission:
 Create an event to celebrate. The even will include the use of your candelabra. Your candelabra must hold a minimum of 3 candles.
Materials: Clay, different tools for texture and scoring and slip

Vocabulary: bisque, clay, green ware, joining, kiln, modeling, pinch, score, slip, stick, pulling a handle, wedging

Candelabra is the term traditionally referring to a pair (or more) of large, decorative candlesticks often shaped as a column or pedestal and having several arms or branches for holding candles. A single example of such lighting devices is known as a candelabrum. A special kind of candelabrum is the Jewish menorah. While unnecessary today because of electrical interior lighting, candle-burning candelabra and traditional candlesticks are often used in
 modern homes as accessories, or as part of the interior design.

Phase 1 - Planning
  • Research: Think of an event. How will you celebrate your event? How will you
  •  incorporate the candelabra into your event? Write a brief description of your
  •  event in your sketchbook.
  • Brainstorm & Draw
  • 5-6 well developed drawings exploring ideas for your candelabra and its 
  • connection to your event
  • Demonstration: Creating a mock up
  • Create a mock up of the structure using the intended construction plans
  • iPod size sculpture
  • Try a few different options or varieties of designs and placements with textures
 & Requirements:
  • Plan Carefully
  • Complex form using 2+ methods of hand building
  • Hand built techniques; pinch, slab, coil and the wheel
  • Minimum of 3 places to hold candles
  • Sculptural/inventive component tying together the candelabra
  • Candelabra is 1/2 covered with a texture that enhances your form
  • Form is completed in glaze/stain that enhances your form 
Phase 2 - Construction
  • Get clay
  • Wedge clay
  • Begin by making one of your three parts
  • All walls should be even in thickness – no more than ¼ inch thick
  • Maintain a consistent quality in your forms as you construct
  • Once all your three parts are made, arrange them the way you have in your mock up to create an original form with an overall shape intriguing to the viewer.
Components need to visually transition from one shape to the next.

        • Clay must remains moist during construction
• Walls must be even in thickness - no more than 1/4 inch thickness
• Interior of candelabra is smooth
• Seams are smooth and invisible where necessary
• Base is stable, well attached and supports the form
• Structure stays together in “bone” dry state
• All crumbs and bumps are removed

  • Make sure your name and date are on the bottom and title your piece.
  • Place the finished sculpture in the kiln room to dry out for firing.


Communication and Expression
  • Create a celebration, event, milestone, holiday to use the candelabra.
  • Brainstorm and Sketch out ways to create an interesting sculpture using these words.

Design and Composition
  • Mock up of candelabra (iPod sized) trying a variety of options for candle placement
  • Physical:
             • 3 candle holders
                  • 1/2 texture over entire surface
                -     textures may be repeated pattern
  • textures may use a pattern that changes as it moves over the surface
  • negative spaces may be incorporated into your form
  • you may use more than one texture but they must relate to one another
  • Sculptural/inventive component tying together the candelabra
Form is completed in glaze that enhances your form

Methods, Tools, and Techniques
  • Proper use of all clay tools
  • Clay remains moist during construction
  • Craftsmanship
-Walls are even; 1/4 inch thick
-Seams are smooth and invisible where necessary
-Base is stable and flat
-Structure stays together in “bone” dry state
-All crumbs and bumps are removed
-Name/logo on bottom of structure

Critique and Reflection
  • Contributes to all group critiques in thoughtful manner
  • Complete all written work and assessments
  • Stays focused and on task
  • Completes all work
  • Adheres to deadlines
  • Care & respect for all clay materials
5.  Appropriate behavior in Ceramic’s room